arm pain – the symptoms

arm pain - the symptoms

Typical arm pain press, sting or pull. They can appear suddenly or remain steadily increasing. They are often accompanied by inflammation-related swelling. The affected region is partly warm.

Patients can usually only use their arm to a limited extent. Sometimes sensory disturbances or even paralysis occur. The causes of arm pain range from problems with bones and joints (for example osteoarthritis, arthritis, gout, rheumatism) to problems with muscles (muscle tension), irritation or nerve damage (carpal tunnel syndrome) and circulation problems (thrombosis).

Pain from the shoulder to the little finger is most often caused by the cervical spine, which is why physicians refer to this brachialgia as vertebragen.

Shoulder-hand syndrome

In the so-called shoulder-hand syndrome, on the other hand, there is pain in the individual joints:

glenohumeral joint

elbow joint

wrist

Patients suffer pain even if they keep their arms still. The pain increases under stress. The exact location of the cause of pain is often difficult. Sometimes joint pain is accompanied by disorders of the vegetative nervous system: People affected report feelings of cold, cyanosis (violet to bluish discoloration of the skin, mucous membranes, lips and fingernails) and sweating.

Risk of confusion: shoulder-hand syndrome versus Sudeck’s disease

Shoulder-hand syndrome occurs with similar symptoms to Sudeck’s disease (bone atrophy), named after the Hamburg surgeon Paul Hermann Martin Sudeck (1866 to 1945), who described it at the beginning of the 20th century, more precisely in 1900.

Sudeck’s disease (Sudeck’s dystrophy) is an inflammation of the connective tissue of the limbs, often due to an injury caused by an accident. For example fracture (fracture), contusion, bruising, compression, but also burns, wounds due to surgery or local infection (abscess). According to experts, it does not depend on the severity of the injury, even small causes can lead to Sudeck’s disease, so that it is believed that a cause for the disease is a reflex-like overreaction of the nervous system.

But even those who start physiotherapy after a break due to injury in order to become functional again can sometimes trigger a Sudeck syndrome.

Typical symptoms of Sudeck’s disease are recurring pain (both at rest and during movement), swelling, restricted movement, impaired temperature compensation (initially overheating, then hypothermia), redness and, in the worst case, complete loss of function of the affected limbs after the healing process of the actual injury/wound.

 

Polyneuropathy: Much-Nerve Disease

The diagnosis of polyneuropathy describes diseases in which the so-called peripheral nervous system is dysfunctional. This includes all nerves outside the brain and spinal cord. Pain and sensory disorders (tingling, burning) in the limbs are typical of polyneuropathy. Today, physicians know more than 250 causes that can trigger polyneuropathy. The disease is rarely congenital. The most common causes of polyneuropathies acquired over the course of life are:

diabetes mellitus

medicines, stimulants (alcohol) and poisons (lead, arsenic, thallium, which is found in rat poison)

kidney damages

Infections (Lyme disease, measles, HIV, diphtheria, malaria)

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Step-by-step for laying sockets

Continuously power required at a point where is no outlet, you should lay a new can. Here also a professional is needed.

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1. Before Working – give Overview

Of course power is needed for the outlet. Is typically used as a junction box for the power source. This box is located in the so-called installation zone. This is a strip running from 15 to 45 centimeters below the ceiling, or 15 to 45 centimeters above the floor. If no round footprints reveal the location of the can, can you find them by tapping. It sounds hollow in the box. In newer houses equipment Junction boxes are often held distribution boxes fitted behind light switches or wall outlets.

2. Expose the junction box

In this work you do not get often with current contact. Nevertheless, you should issue the backup safety. Important: A sign at the fuse box attach, so that no one hires the stream. Now you can around the can cut the wallpaper carefully. The cover will lift off easily. He is only clamped. Now is to identify which cables are present in this box.

3. Mark the way of the future line

The power cord must be easy to install in no way from the junction box to the power outlet. The road first runs horizontally, up to a point exactly vertically above, or below the future outlet from there it goes vertically up to the point where the can be located. With drywall, this step is omitted.

4. Place the flush-mounted or cavity wall box

Now a hole saw is used. With it, a hole is drilled in the wall (with a german Dosensenker), wall-1013682_1920.jpgthe outlet will find place in the. First, a cavity wall box in the drywall, or a flush-mounted box is mounted in solid walls at this point. For surface mounting of this step is not necessary, of course.

5. Tap slot for the cable

Now it gets tricky, because it needs to be knocked into the plaster a slot in which the cable later be located. In the installation zone already some cables may lie. Therefore, extreme caution is required. The cable must not be damaged. If sufficient space is available, the slot should be developed such that an empty tube to accommodate it. If drywall or wall mounting of the step is omitted.

6. Install cable

if the power lines are not routed in an empty pipe for the installation of surface-mounted lines or, NYM-J cable is used. This is inserted into the slot and fixed there with plaster. Alternatively, cramps can come for fixing used. The line must be firmly attached to the ground. You may not be able to move. Alternatively, empty pipes are plastered, in which flexible PVC core cables are pulled.

7. Disconnect the power outlet

The current must now be turned off with certainty. The clamping is a work for the electrician and should not be self-made. In this operation, the socket is screwed into the previously laid socket, or pinched.

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